The five specific procedures of Ayurveda are collectively known as panchakarma. They are 

  1. Vamana 
  2. Virechana 
  3. Asthapana 
  4. Anuvasana 
  5. Nasya 

Panchakarma, the unique and wonderful treatment modality of Ayurveda, is basically designed to purify the body and soul of the human being by detoxification of all the systems. Human body is a highly delicate machine which has got tendency to become out of order. Panchakarma is a therapeutic measure which services the body and soul in a seasonal and disease specific manner so that body can combat the diseases. 

Panchakarma, which is popularly known as detoxification procedure, is playing an important role for the last five thousand years. On the other hand, the life style disorders as experienced by the people in this changed scenario of the modern world can be nipped In the bud only by adopting the panchakarma. This procedure for detoxification of human body is the best method for negating the detrimental effect of the changed environment of the modern world .

a) Virechana

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Virechana probably is the most practiced therapy among shodhana therapies described in Ayurveda. In the disorders originated from vitiated pitta or kapha associated with pitta, virechana is beneficial. There are many references where it is adviced to treat other conditions also. 

The benefits:

  • Flushes out of the toxins and excess mucus from the GI tract and thus improves digestion. Relieves many gastrointestinal disorders.
  • Relieves many gastrointestinal disorders.
  • helps manage Paraplegia, Hemiplegia Joint disorders, etc. 
  • Improves the condition of skin disorders,  rashes & allergies.
  • Clears congestion from the liver and thus improves metabolism and fat digestion.


  • Achieve a better circulatory system
  • Management of weight 
  • Nourish the skin
  • Strengthen the muscles
  • Improve digestive system
  • Achieve improved immunity and thus resistant to many disease
  • Activate the lymphatic system

b) Basti ( enema therapy)

Basti is a therapeutic procedure in which the drugs administered into the anal canal by using basthi yanthra . Basti can be given all age groups without any hesitation. To mitigate vata, vasti is the best line of treatment. 

According to type of drug basti is of two types 

Niruha basti

Anuvasana basti


  • By Expelling out the vitiated doshas offers firmness of the body and cures most of the disease
  • Prolongs lifespan by preventing disease, arresting the aging process
  • Basthi though stays inside the body for few moments, its virya ( potency) spreads all over the body through micro channels like water transportation in a tree. 
  • Nourishes body
  • Enhances complexion, strength and harmony of the constitution 

c)   Nasya 

Administration of the drug through nostrils is known as nasya . nose is the gate way of the head. So, systematically performed nasya karma cures almost all the disease of the head as easily, as a vein if grass is removed from the blade. 

Indicated in 

  • Heaviness in the head 
  • manasika roga ( mental disorders)
  • neck stifness
  • fever 
  • ear ache
  • head related diseases
  • giddiness
  • migrain
  • headache
  • graying of hair 
  • hair falling 
  • baldness
  • breathing problems
  • smoking ill effect etc


  • Feeling of lightness in chest and head
  • Sensorial proficiency
  • Good sleep
  • Mental and sensorial happiness
  • Improves intellect, strength,memory
  • Very much beneficial to children
  • Feeling freshness 
  • Cures most of the breathing problems like asthma, cold, whizzing

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